Research Directorate is one of the important directorates of RDSO. This directorate performs the following activities:
- Conducting Governing Council Meeting (GCM).
- Conducting Central Board of Railways Research (CBRR) Meeting.
- Coordinating for MOU with IITs and different Directorate of RDSO for R&D projects of multidisciplinary nature.
- Coordinating with IIT/Kharagpur is establishment of Centre for Railways Research.
- Other consultancy project with IITs/foreign institutions.
- Instrumentation support for field trails to various RDSO directorates.